Revolt and faction threatened in Athens itself.
On the advice of Alcibiades, they fortified Deceleanear Athens, and prevented the Athenians from making use of their land year round. Sparta seemed to be content with themselves and provided their army whenever required.
With winter approaching, the Athenians were then forced to withdraw into their quarters, and they spent the winter gathering allies and preparing to destroy Syracuse. The Greek peninsula has two distinctive geographic features that influenced the development of Greek society.
At present, Sparta is the administrative capital of the prefecture of Laconia. Unlike some of his predecessors the new Spartan general, Lysander, was not a member of the Spartan royal families and was also formidable in naval strategy; he was an artful diplomat, who had even cultivated good personal relationships with the Achaemenid prince Cyrus the Youngerson of Emperor Darius II.
Because the Athenians were so close to the sea, they became traders trading with other civilizations around the Mediterranean region. Upon arriving, he raised up a force from several Sicilian cities, and went to the relief of Syracuse. What led them to prosper? War Between Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta were two rival city-states, while the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted of a good navy.
The faction hostile to Alcibiades triumphed in Athens following a minor Spartan victory by their skillful general Lysander at the naval battle of Notium in BC. The trial resulted in the execution of six of Athens's top naval commanders.
Are You a Spartan or Athenian?