Communicating with fragile x syndrome children essay
Although such differences in language profiles are to be expected given that the diagnosis of autism implies serious challenges in the social and communicative domains, such finding provide a more detailed picture of the intervention needs of individuals with FXS with a co-morbid autism diagnosis.
From an early age, children with FXS demonstrate difficulties acquiring language such that there are significant delays in the acquisition of first words.
Evidence also suggests that receptive language abilities of individuals with FXS improve over time Roberts et al. These people are known as 'Fragile X pre-mutation carriers'.
This means that men with Fragile X syndrome are often more severely affected than women. Narrative language Narrative language abilities of individuals with FXS at the macrostructural level present a mixed picture.
Fragile x syndrome essay
About 1 in 3, boys and 1 in 4,—6, girls have Fragile X syndrome. Fragile X syndrome affects around 1 in 3, boys and between 1 in 4, — 6, girls. In contrast, other studies have found no differences between individuals with FXS who also met criteria for autism spectrum disorder and those with FXS only when comparing performance on measures such as MLU Price et al. This finding suggests that individuals with FXS do not adequately consider the informational needs of the listener. The ability of individuals with FXS to signal noncomprehension in such circumstances appears to be limited. This document attempts to clarify overlaps and gaps between the two conditions. Despite the tendency for individuals with DS to have weaker language skills than individuals with FXS in general, comparisons revealed that the adolescents with FXS produced significantly fewer different types of narrative evaluation devices than those with DS.
It is important to note, however, that no population-based epidemiological studies of the FXS-autism co-morbidity have been conducted. Pragmatics Pragmatic competencies are needed to support social language use, such as using language for different purposes e.
Fragile x syndrome and dysphagia
Findings from the aforementioned investigations provide evidence that both males and females have significant deficits in narrative pragmatic skills. Further molecular, educational, behavioral, and non-pharmacological therapeutic intervention studies are needed to refine our understanding of the similarities and differences between individuals with only FXS and individuals with FXS and ASD. Additionally, these individuals may use a different pattern of strategies when compared to typically developing children who have been matched for reading abilities. In contrast, other studies have found no differences between individuals with FXS who also met criteria for autism spectrum disorder and those with FXS only when comparing performance on measures such as MLU Price et al. Autistic-like behaviors frequently noted include poor eye contact, language delay, preservation and echolalia, self-injurious behaviors, motor stereotypies, and poor social relating see Filipek, Characterizing social communication features in infants with FXS contrasted to ASIBs may lead to better identification of relative strengths and weaknesses in early social communication within and across these groups. The ability of individuals with FXS to signal noncomprehension in such circumstances appears to be limited.
Outcomes and Results Descriptively different patterns were seen across the three groups. Genetic counselling services and Fragile X syndrome The facts about Fragile X syndrome are complicated and the ramifications for families can be serious.
Fragile x and apraxia
Relative to individuals with autism, individuals with FXS demonstrate strengths in conversational turn taking. What is the relationship between early social communication complexity and ASD risk within each group? However, their scores on the Word Attack subtest, a nonword reading task, were significantly lower. Individuals with FXS also exhibit significantly impaired reading skills including their phonological awareness, balanced with slightly better ability to decode whole words. Vocabulary Individuals with FXS have been shown to have receptive vocabularies that are significantly weaker than those of younger children with typical development, but the picture is mixed. Participants Participants were 61 infants between 7. Contrasting evidence was found in a different study in which a high point analysis was used to document the occurrence of evaluation devices such as mental state verbs, character name, character dialogue, and fantasy or exaggeration. In other studies however, the receptive vocabulary skills of individuals with FXS have been found to be no different than those of younger typically developing peers at similar nonverbal cognitive levels Abbeduto et al. Results of this analysis revealed that males with FXS tend to signal noncomprehension significantly less often than females with FXS. Fragile X syndrome FXS is the most common inherited form of intellectual disability and is universally recognized as the monogenic cause of Autism. Some of these relative strengths include simultaneous processing and long-term memory abilities. However, for many children with language learning difficulties, such as young children with FXS, first words are acquired much later than 12 months of age and the use of prelinguistic communication persists well into toddlerhood. However, these studies have primarily focused on eye gaze in FXS outside of a communication context. Moreover, the mean age of the boys with FXS who remained nonverbal communicators was The ability of individuals with FXS to signal noncomprehension in such circumstances appears to be limited.
Results of this analysis revealed that males with FXS tend to signal noncomprehension significantly less often than females with FXS. It is also important to recognize that little attention has been paid by researchers to the ways in which the language and literacy outcomes of individuals with FXS are shaped by their environments.
In a study of boys 3 through 15 years of age, Price, Roberts, Vandergrift, and Martin found that boys with FXS had receptive vocabularies significantly below those of younger children with typical development, even when controlling for nonverbal cognition.
As we describe the language development of individuals with FXS in the following sections, we address the influence of gender and co-morbid FXS and autism.
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