In the UK, which is a constitutional monarchy, the Queen is the ceremonial head of state whilst the Prime Minister is the head of Government. Parliamentary versus Presidential Government.
Parliamentary — a system of government in which both executive and legislative function reside in an elected assembly.
The Australian House of Representatives is elected using instant-runoff votingwhile the Senate is elected using proportional representation through single transferable vote.
Most democratic nations, today, generally use one of two governmental systems, either a parliamentary system or a presidential system.
However, others see the European model as much fairer, more consensual, and more representative than the Westminster system. The Dilemma of Democracy: Diagnosis and Prescription. For example, in Greece, if no party has a majority, the leader of the party with a plurality of seats is given an exploratory mandate to receive the confidence of the parliament within three days.
Examples: Italy, Thailand. No one pretends that democracy is perfect or all-wise. A secondary feature is the separation of functions between the governmental leader i.
The European Model In the version adopted by several Western European states, proportional representation voting produces legislatures with multiple parties that bargain to produce governing coalitions.