Failure to submit the thesis by the deadline may result in graduation and granting of the degree being delayed. Swedish PhD studies should in theory last for four years, including course work and thesis work, but as many PhD students also teach, the PhD often takes longer to complete.
The exam typically extends over 3 hours. Many large scientific publishing houses e. In many schools, master's thesis defenses are restricted to the examinee and the examiners, but doctoral defenses are open to the public.
The thesis must be revised extensively and undergo the evaluation and defense process again from the beginning with the same examiners.
Argentina[ edit ] In the Latin American doctathe academic dissertation can be referred to as different stages inside the academic program that the student is seeking to achieve into a recognized Argentine Universityin all the cases the students must develop original contribution in the chosen fields by means of several paper work and essays that comprehend the body of the thesis.
Unlike a dissertation or master's thesis, they are not as long and they do not require a novel contribution to knowledge or even a very narrow focus on a set subtopic.
The required submission for a doctorate is called a Dissertation or Doktorarbeit. Extensive revision required.
Sometimes the defense meeting is made up of the learning institute's professionals and sometimes the students peers are allowed to view or join in.
In general, those three terms are usually called as tugas akhir final assignmentwhich is mandatory for the completion of a degree.