Theoretical orientation that guides interventions of a group leader

group therapy techniques pdf

Experienced leaders learn to recognize, respect, and work with the resistance instead of simply confronting it. IPGP is a very adaptable model. This basis is the framework from which specific interventions can be drawn and implemented.

Group counseling skills and techniques

Overall, I think consistency in asking this question and actively seeking experiences to challenge your orientation will help you grow. In some programs, support groups might be considered process therapy groups, but the main interest of support groups is not in the intrapsychic world, and the goal is not character change. Issues that do not specifically relate to the focus of the group are often considered extraneous, so discussion of them is limited. I think the exposure to these domains fosters the exploration of this question. People often draw generalizations from their life experiences and apply the generalizations to the current environment, even when doing so is inappropriate or counterproductive. Cognitive—behavioral therapy groups work to change learned behavior by changing thinking patterns, beliefs, and perceptions. Understanding some of the history of each person in the group, the leader also watches to see whether the group is providing each individual with emotional and interpersonal experiences that build success and skills that apply to life arenas outside the group. Some of the contexts in which psychoeducational groups may be most useful are Helping clients in the precontemplative or contemplative level of change to reframe the impact of drug use on their lives, develop an internal need to seek help, and discover avenues for change. While psychoeducational groups may inform clients about psychological issues, they do not aim at intrapsychic change, though such individual changes in thinking and feeling often do occur. Has anything like this happened to you before? Cognitive processes include a number of different psychological elements, such as thoughts, beliefs, decisions, opinions, and assumptions.

Members can practice with each other, see how different people use the same skills, and feel the positive reinforcement of a peer group rather than that of a single professional when they use skills effectively.

Not all support groups, however, are intended just for clients new to recovery.

Group counseling leadership skills

For example, a nurse might be needed to teach specific health maintenance skills, or a trained facilitator may be needed to run certain meditation or relaxation groups. In practice, group leaders may use different models at various times, and may simultaneously influence more than one focus level at a time. The interventions of the leader are dependent on his or her perceptions of this mix. In interpersonal process groups, content is a secondary concern. Is there confusion because theoretical orientation sounds abstract, dry, and thought of more as philosophy? Her interests include multicultural issues, motivational interviewing, clinical supervision processes, as well as career and professional development. Still, they need to have the same core characteristics as other group therapy leaders: caring, warmth, genuineness, and positive regard for others. It also helps to have leadership skills, such as helping the group get started in a session, managing though not necessarily eliminating conflict between group members, encouraging withdrawn group members to be more active, and making sure that all group members have a chance to participate. The group leader also provides positive reinforcement for group members, models appropriate interactions between individuals in the group, respects individual and group boundaries, and fosters open and honest communication in the group setting. Specialized training in interpersonal process groups Psychoeducational Groups Psychoeducational groups are designed to educate clients about substance abuse, and related behaviors and consequences. Second, the leader should encourage group participants to take responsibility for their learning rather than passing on that responsibility to the group leader. Interpersonal Process Group Psychotherapy The interpersonal process group model for substance abuse treatment is grounded in an extensive body of theory Brown ; Brown and Yalom ; Flores ; Flores and Mahon ; Khantzian et al.

Groups may continue indefinitely, with new members coming in and old members leaving, and occasionally, returning. Psychodynamic group therapies can be thought of as a generic name encompassing several ways of looking at the dynamics that take place in groups.

group counseling leadership skills

Has anything like this happened to you before?

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Theoretical Orientation